5 Diseases That Embryonic Stem Cells Might Treat
As of this day, we are still using adult stem cells for treating different medical conditions. That is because its use for treatment procedures is not mired by any controversy whatsoever and it is pretty easy to get in the body.
However, a few years ago, President Barack Obama has lifted the ban on the federal funding of stem cell. This means that scientists can now continue studying this particular type of unspecialized cell.
Because it has characteristics that are not found in adult stem cells, embryonic stem cells are actually much more beneficial and when given enough time, we might come up with more treatment procedures using this type over the adult stem cell.
That being said, we still do not know exactly what diseases it can treat, but we have an idea on some of them.
1. Heart Disease
Myocardial Infarction, or a condition commonly known as a “Heart Attack”, is quite a common occurrence all over the world. In fact, 1 in 10 people suffer a heart attack every minute in the United States
That being said, embryonic stem cells can be used to repair the damaged muscle caused by the condition. Scientists are looking for ways to inject the cells near the region of the heart to somehow trigger the regeneration process.
2. Spinal Cord Injury
Researchers have found that embryonic stem cells might hold the key for people who have spinal cord injuries so that they will be able to use their lower extremities.
The FDA or Food and Drug Administration have given the US scientists the go-signal to further test the embryonic stem cells to see if it can indeed heal spinal cord injuries.
3. Parkinson’s Disease
Embryonic stem cells have the power to turn into any of the 200 cell types that are found in the body. Because of this characteristic, they are likely to help patients who suffer from Parkinson’s Disease.
This medical condition is characterized by the loss of coordination with regards to movement and speech, stiffness of the body, and occasionally some tremors.
The unspecialized stem cells were given to mice who had similar symptoms to that of the people who have Parkinson’s Disease and it somehow replaced the damaged motor neurons, allowing the affected mice to use some of their motor functions again
There are many forms of Arthritis but the most common one is the Osteoarthritis which is characterized by the sudden thinning of the cartilage in your joints (particularly in the knee area).
The scary part about this medical condition is that once the cartilage- the connective tissue that links your joints and muscle, is gone, it is gone for good.
However, embryonic stem cells might change that as they have the ability to proliferate and grow in numbers and they also have the means to replace lost cartilage as well.
5. Organ Failure
Some people’s organs just outright fail and they would require a transplant as soon as possible if they want even a glimmer of hope to survive.
However, embryonic stem cells might hold the key to recreating the failed organ from the ground up. There is one study that showed this promise. A rat with a genetic heart failure was able to regrow a beating heart with the use of heart stem cells that were found in a newborn mouse. If this is the case, then we might not need organ transplants anymore.
Embryonic stem cells have amazing characteristics that not even the adult stem cells possess. Although it still requires a lot of research, the possible diseases that it can treat are plenty. Who knows, we might not need any organ donors anymore because there is a way to recreate them from the ground up.